Current Economic Forecast
2018 estimates (revised)
Real Growth in Gross Domestic Product 1.5-2.5%
Corporate Profits 10-15%
Real Growth in Gross Domestic Product 1.5-2.5%
Corporate Profits 5-6%
Current Market Forecast
Dow Jones Industrial Average
Current Trend (revised):
Short Term Uptrend 24332-34632
Intermediate Term Uptrend 16032-32301
Long Term Uptrend 6849-30311(?)
2018 Year End Fair Value 13800-14000
2019 Year End Fair Value 14500-14700
Standard & Poor’s 500
Current Trend (revised):
Short Term Uptrend 2981-3451
Intermediate Term Uptrend 2676-4166 Long Term Uptrend 937-3217 (?)
2018 Year End Fair Value 1700-1720
2019 Year End Fair Value 1790-1810
Percentage Cash in Our Portfolios
Dividend Growth Portfolio 56%
High Yield Portfolio 55%
Aggressive Growth Portfolio 56%
The Trump economy is a neutral for equity valuations. The dataflow this week was negative. As was the single primary indicator: November retail sales (-). The call is negative. Score: in the last 218 weeks, seventy were positive, one hundred negative and forty-eight neutral.
Overseas data returned to its heretofore negative trend, continuing to support the notion that the global economy is a drag on our own.
Developments this week that impact the economy:
[a] China: while there appears to be some sort of agreement, we don’t know exactly what the terms are. Or if we ever will. It does seem likely that Trump won’t impose those additional tariffs tomorrow and that is a minor plus. However, given what we know at this point, I don’t think any conclusion can be made beyond that.
For skeptics among you.
My bottom line hasn’t changed. I don’t believe that there [is] will be a deal that incorporates the primary issues of Chinese industrial policy and IP theft before November 2020, if at all. Any other deal will be not be a long term positive for the US. That said, any agreement that removes tariffs and increases Chinese purchase of US ag products will be a minor short term economic plus.
[b] in addition, the Canada, Mexico, US trade treaty appears to be making progress. That is a positive. Remember Canada and Mexico are our second and third largest trading partners.
[c] on the other hand, it looks like the Donald now has his sights set on Europe.
(2) fiscal policy: the Treasury reported the November budget deficit this week, which not surprisingly continued to grow. Congress then added insult to injury, reaching an agreement on a $1.37 trillion FY2020 budget deal. This at a time of full employment and a record national debt. I repeat Rogoff and Reinhart’s thesis [with which I agree] that when the national debt is above 90% of GDP [which it is], it acts as a restraint on growth.
(3) monetary policy: the FOMC met this week. Nothing really changed from the QEInfinity narrative except that it pledged to make that policy even greater if the dollar funding problem returned.
True to its word, the following day the Fed announced that it would pump $500 billion into the financial system to counter any potential disruption in the repo market. While I have to give it credit for anticipating this problem, what is troublesome is that these high powered intellects still don’t have a clue of why it is happening. True, they point to year end liquidity needs; but this factor has never demanded this kind of response in the past.
Banana republic money debasement.
My concern is that there is a major bank/financial institution with huge counterparty exposure that is teetering on bankruptcy. To be sure, US banks are much better prepared to deal with a situation like this than they were in 2008, but European and Chinese banks are not. And turmoil in the EU or Chinese financial system will still have spillover effects on their and the global economies.
(4) global hotspots. Brexit. Johnson’s landslide victory pretty much assures a Brexit. However, I don’t believe anyone has a handle on exactly what the economic consequences are for the UK or the EU. To be sure, they could be positive. But the point is, no one knows.
(5) impeachment: I will continue to avoid political commentary. Though I believe that the more intense the situation becomes, the more it will negatively affect businesses and consumers willingness to invest/spend.
Bottom line: on a secular basis, the US economy is growing at an historically below average rate and I see little reason for any improvement. The principal causes of the restraint being totally irresponsible fiscal (running monstrous deficits at full employment adding to too much debt) and monetary (pushing liquidity into the financial system that has done little to help the economy but has led to the gross mispricing and misallocation of assets) policies.
Cyclically, the US economy continues to limp along. Indeed, any progress is a miracle given all the fiscal and monetary headwinds. My forecast remains that the US will avoid recession.
The Market-Disciplined Investing
The Averages (28135, 3168) were largely unchanged in Friday’s trading. So, nothing changed with respect to those multiple gap up opens down below or my concern that this is not healthy and could be an indication that the Market is entering or has already entered a blow off top. On the other hand, the S&P reset a new very short term uptrend (the Dow has not). Volume was down; breadth mixed. The VIX fell another 9 ½ % and now is safely back in territory indicative of complacency.
The long bond rose 1 1/8%, rebounding from Thursday’s beating. While its short term momentum remains down (1) as it is still below its 100 DMA, (2) it continues trade in a trend of lower highs and (3) is now approaching the lower boundary of its very short term uptrend. However, it is developing a series of higher lows potentially creating a pennant formation which would be more a sign of confusion or uncertainty than negative sentiment.
The dollar was unchanged, ending below its 100 DMA for a third day, reverting to resistance. It remains near the lower boundary of its short term trading range.
Gold was up ½%, continuing to bump up against the upper boundary of its very short term uptrend as well as its 100 DMA. While it remains in that trend of lower highs, it is also developing a trend of higher lows---very similar to the trading pattern of TLT.
The VIX and the S&P are clearly pointing at higher prices, while TLT, UUP and GLD are suggesting uncertainty among its investors.
Friday in the charts.
Fundamental-A Dividend Growth Investment Strategy
The DJIA and the S&P are well above ‘Fair Value’ (as calculated by our Valuation Model). At the moment, the important factors bearing on Fair Value (corporate profitability and the rate at which it is discounted) are:
(1) the extent to which the economy is growing. The economy continues to struggle forward against multiple headwinds, though I still believe that it is not falling into a recession. As long as this remains the case, US economy will be a neutral for the Market.
(2) the [lack of] success of current trade negotiations. At this moment, all the press notwithstanding, we still don’t know what the terms of the Phase One US/China agreement are. As I have repeated ad nauseum, I don’t believe an agreement will be [has been] reached that adequately addresses the issues of Chinese industrial policy and IP theft---which are why there is trade war in the first place. And that will continue to overhang the Market.
Not helping, with the ink hardly dry on the mystery US/China trade, Trump opened up another dispute. This time with the EU. While not as big a factor as China in the economics of US trade, it still keeps the level of Market uncertainty elevated.
Of course, there was developments from which investors can take heart. NAFTA 2.0 is working its way to completion and that should be is a plus for corporate profits and equities.
(3) the resumption of QE by the global central banks. Both the Fed and the ECB renewed their dedication to QEInfinity this week. And the Fed upped the ante by announcing a massive infusion into the US financial system in anticipation of another the repo market freeze up at year end. Since liquidity is what has fueled the stock market rise the last decade, this injection should initially be a plus for equity prices. However, if the problems in the repo market reflect some underlying weakness not yet obvious to the gurus in the Fed and this flood of money doesn’t solve the problem, this could be the trigger for the loss of faith in the Fed.
My bottom line remains the same. Because QE, QEInfinity and NotQE have been and remain Market friendly, stocks should continue to do well until the Fed either reverses its policy or investors figure out just how punitive that policy has been for the economy.
(4) impeachment. as I noted above, the more vicious this battle, the more likely it is to have a negative effect on stock prices.
(5) current valuations. I believe that Averages are grossly overvalued [as determined by my Valuation Model]---which will continue to count for little as long as the global central banks are pumping liquidity into the financial system.
The profit gap.
As prices continue to rise, I will be primarily focused on those stocks that trade into their Sell Half Range and act accordingly. Despite the Averages being near all-time highs, there are certain segments of the economy/Market that have been punished severely (e.g. health care) with the stocks of the companies serving those industries down 30-70%. I am compiling a list of potential Buy candidates that can be bought on any correction in the Market; even a minor one. As you know, I recently added AbbVie to the Dividend Growth and High Yield Buy Lists and Kroger to the Dividend Growth Buy List.
Mom and pop investors are not the ones chasing performance.
Bottom line: fiscal policy is negatively impacting the E in P/E. On the other hand, a new regulatory environment is a plus. Any improvement in our trade regime with China should have a positive impact on secular growth and, hence, equity valuations---if it occurs. More important, a global central bank ‘put’ has returned and, if history is any guide, it should be a plus for stock prices.
As a reminder, my Portfolio’s cash position didn’t reach its current level as a result of the Valuation Models estimate of Fair Value for the Averages. Rather I apply it to each stock in my Portfolio and when a stock reaches its Sell Half Range (overvalued), I reduce the size of that holding. That forces me to recognize a portion of the profit of a successful investment and, just as important, build a reserve to buy stocks cheaply when the inevitable decline occurs.